Eye Injuries in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Learn more about eye injuries in dogs. Picture credit: Ирина Мещерякова / Getty Images)

Eye injuries in dogs happen when the cornea or sclera is penetrated, often by a trauma. Subsequently, the injury can produce blood in the eye.

The cornea is at the front of a dog’s eye. The sclera is the white part of the eye.

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Technically, the condition is called corneal and scleral lacerations.

If you see the signs of eye injuries in your dog, then get to a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for the condition.

Symptoms of Eye Injuries in Dogs

The condition produces a range of symptoms that affect the eye. For instance, some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Squinting
  • Blinking a lot
  • Cornea looking cloudy
  • Blood in the eye
  • Swollen eye
  • Foreign object seen in the eye
  • Distorted pupil
  • Tearing

Causes of Eye Injuries in Dogs

(Picture credit: JulPo / Getty Images)

The cause of the condition is usually some sort of trauma to the eye. For example, some of the common ways this happens include:

  • Fireworks
  • Fighting
  • Running through overgrown vegetation
  • Excitable behavior (often in young pups)

Treatments for Eye Injuries in Dogs

Firstly, your vet will ask about your dog’s symptoms. Also, they will want to know about any incidents that might have caused a trauma.

Secondly, your vet will closely examine your dog’s eyes. Special attention will be paid to the pupils. Tests to measure blinking and light sensitivity will be conducted.

Additionally, your vet will look for any foreign objects in the eye.

In short, the precise treatment for the condition will depend on the severity of it. Also, different parts of the eye require different procedures.

In general, antibiotic eye medication is often recommended. As always, follow your vet’s exact dose and frequency instructions. Also, complete the full course of medication.

Elizabethan collars are also usually suggested. This is to stop your dog scratching the eye area.

Additionally, anti-inflammatory drugs can be used.

Finally, make sure to schedule follow up visits with your vet. This is to accurately monitor your dog’s recovery and eye health.

Have you ever cared for a dog who suffered from this condition? How did your vet help your dog recover? Let us know in the comments section below.

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